Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Drainage and nitrate leaching. imported narrow-leaf lupin varieties (L. angustifolius) from Australia would provide resistance to the types of diseases that had troubled white lupin in the past. Narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifoliusL.) Flora of China. L. angustifolius is native to the Mediterranean, occurring in southern Europe, northern Africa and western Asia (Rhodes and Maxted, 2016; DAISIE, 2017; USDA-ARS, 2017). Narrow Leafed Lupin Beta-Conglutin Proteins Epitopes Identification and Molecular Features Analysis Involved in Cross-Allergenicity to Peanut and Other Legumes Elena Lima-Cabello 1, Paula Robles-Bolivar , Juan D. Alché , Jose C. Jimenez-Lopez1,2 ∗ Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center.http://plants.usda.gov/, Weeds of Australia, 2017. http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/media/Html/index.htm. Lupinus species are distributed worldwide, but there is greater diversity in the New World, with over 90% of species in the genus occurring in the temperate and subtropical zones of North and South America, from Washington State, in the USA, to southern Argentina and Chile. Each palmate leaf is divided into 5 to 9 linear leaflets under 4 centimeters long. In: Lupins: Geography, classification, genetic resources and breeding, St. Petersburg and Pellosniemi, Russia and Finland: OY International North Express. A key to unlocking the development of superior lupins has been discovered by local scientists, which should open the door to the creation of new varieties of the high protein legume for consumers around the globe seeking a more plant-based diet. Lupinus, commonly known as lupin or lupine, is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family Fabaceae.The genus includes over 199 species, with centers of diversity in North and South America. A majority of the perennial and annual species from the American continent described by Watson were referred to Lupinus. Online Database. NLL breeding is directed at improving grain production, disease resistance, drought tolerance and health benefits. JBrowse genome browser, La1.0 Welcome to Lupins.org. In Australia it thrives in areas receiving less than 500 mm annual rainfall (Australian Government, 2013), though it can tolerate an average annual rainfall of 840 mm (Duke, 1981). L. angustifolius, L. albus, L. luteus and L. mutabilis have gained agricultural importance and are cultivated worldwide (Australian Government, 2013). Image Source: http://images.sciencedaily.com/2008/12/081208092147.jpg, Information about legume traits for crop improvement, The following features are currently present for this organism, ----Genome-wide views of genetic variants (SNPs) between chickpea accessions, ----Genome-wide views of genetic variants (SNPs) between soybean accessions, ----Genome-wide views of genetic variants (SNPs) between bean accessions, Genome-wide views of genetic variants (SNPs) between chickpea accessions. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, e.T174707A19404942. The first fully domesticated cultivar of narrow-leafed lupin, was developed and released in Western Australia in 1967. Clements JC, Buirchel BJ, Yang H, Smith PMC, Sweetingham MW, Smith CG, 2005. In: Mediterranean chromosome number reports 7. Stevens PF, 2012. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, USDA-ARS, 2017. Also known as Australian Sweet Lupin, narrow-leafed lupin (Scientific name: Lupinus angustifolius) is by far the most important lupin species grown in Western Australia, comprising over 95% of all lupin grain production. Current interest for lupin seeds as a new … The following description is from Standley and Steyermark (1946): L. angustifolius is an annual plant, erect, branched, slender, mostly 50 cm high or less, the stems pilose with short, mostly appressed, sometimes spreading hairs, densely leafy; leaves long-petiolate, the leaflets 5-9, linear, 2-4 cm long, 2-5 mm wide, very obtuse or rounded at the apex, glabrous above, sericeous beneath; stipules 7 mm long, linear; racemes short or elongate, few-many-flowered, short-pedunculate, the bracts small, caducous; calyx lips long and narrow, pilose; corolla bright blue, the standard 12 mm long; legume 5-7 cm long, 10-12 mm wide, hirsute, 5-6-seeded; seeds gray and brown, 7-8 mm long. Narrow-leafed lupin (NLL; Lupinus angustifolius L.) is an important grain legume crop that is valuable for sustainable farming and is becoming recognized as a human health food. It has been introduced in tropical and subtropical areas across the Americas, Australia and Europe (FAO, 2017; USDA-ARS, 2017; Weeds of Australia, 2017). Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017. 2016. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Lupinus is a large and diverse genus comprising about 200-500 species of annual and perennial herbs, shrubs and small trees. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/, PFAF, 2017. http://www.pfaf.org/USER/Default.aspx, Rhodes L, Maxted N, 2016. Catalogue of the vascular plants of the southern cone (Argentina, southern Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay). http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list. L. angustifolius is grown for use as human food (a pulse), animal fodder and forage, for green manure and as a soil improver and stabilizer. Flora of Guatemala. were attributed to the Platyca… Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Many varieties of this species are widely cultivated across tropical and subtropical regions of the world (Weeds of Australia, 2017). A genome assembly for Narrow-leafed lupin cultivar Tanjil (version 1.0) is available on LIS. The chromosome number reported for L. angustifolius varies, and has been recorded as 2n = 38, 2n = 42 and 2n = 44 (Ghrabi Gammar et al., 1997). However … Newer narrow leafed lupin varieties, such as PBA LeemanP, PBA JurienP, PBA BarlockPand MandelupP, have been shown to be higher yielding than older varieties under weed pressure and have better tolerance to some key herbicides, as illustrated in Table 2. table 2: Lupin variety response to herbicides in Western Australia 2005-2014.3 New York, USA: Plenum Press. Australian Government, 2013. Lupinus angustifolius is a fast growing annual herb native to the Mediterranean regions of Europe, Asia and Africa. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of intercropping ‘Snowbird’ tannin‐free faba bean (Vicia faba L.), ‘Arabella’ narrow‐leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.), and ‘Cutlass’ field pea (Pisum sativum L.), along with legume planting densities (LPD) on forage yields, … St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/Project/BC. Zuloaga FO, Morrone O, Belgrano MJ, 2008. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. The development of lupin as a modern crop was limited by its high concentration of alkaloids. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T174707A19404942.en. disturbed sites, waste areas, roadsides, parks and croplands). Narrow-leafed lupin is the main grain legume crop, grown primarily in Australia, and was therefore selected for the development of a reference lupin genome and associated genomic resources. L. angustifolius is regarded as an environmental weed. L. angustifolius grows as an environmental and agricultural weed. Duke JA, 1981. In: The PLANTS Database. GBrowse genome browser, La1.0 This site is dedicated to the promotion of lupins for: Grain farmers and Agronomists looking for the latest knowledge on the production of Lupins is … 2013. In: Genetic Resources, Chromosome Engineering, and Crop Improvements Volume 1, Grain Legumes, Oxford, UK: Taylor & Francis Group. CABI is a registered EU trademark. & Palta, J.A. Our research has shown that early forms of L. angustifolius are suitable for breeding and cultivation on sandy soils in the south of Finland. DAISIE, 2017. www.europe-aliens.org/default.do. It is able to suppress the growth of native plant species by altering soil characteristics through its nitrogen fixing activity and allowing the spread of other non-native species (Weeds of Australia, 2017). Quinolizidine alkaloids (QAs) are secondary metabolites that occur mostly within the family Leguminosae and they can occur in the genus Lupinus, as well as in Baptisia, Thermopsis, Genista, Cytisus, Echinosophora, and Sophora (Ohmiya et al., 1995). Genetic Maps They form in vegetative tissues and accumulate to a different extent in the grains: high levels in ‘bitter’ narrow-leafed lupin (NLL) and low levels in ‘sweet’ NLL. Environmental needs: Blue (narrow-leafed) lupin prefers fresh, less acidic soils Loamy sand, sandy loam Like other legumes, the narrow-leaved lupin fixes nitrogen in a symbiotic interaction with different bacteria in the rhizosphere. It can be expressed as either a severe acute disease or as a chronic liver dysfunction syndrome. Lupinus angustifolius is a species of lupin known by many common names, including narrow-leafed lupin and blue lupin. The Biology of Lupinus L. (lupin or lupine). The inflorescencebe… There are three lupin species fully domesticated for agriculture: the narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius, (Australian Sweet Lupin)), the European white lupin (Lupinus albus), and the yellow lupin (Lupinus luteus). 2:105. – narrow-leafed or blue lupin. It is widely cultivated in Australia, where it is also listed as invasive (Weeds of Australia, 2017). Phylogenetic relationships in Lupinus (Fabaceae: Papilionoideae) based on internal transcribed spacer sequences (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Variation in yield of narrow-leafed lupin … He was talking about southern European annual species including narrowleaf lupine. 3348 pp. 2. Typus: Herb. The first fully domesticated cultivar of narrow-leafed lupin, was developed and released in Western Australia in 1967. Narrow-leafed lupin is characterized by broad polymorphism in both morphological and physiological characters. This species is grown as a fodder and grain plant and is mainly a weed of agricultural areas and habitation (e.g. A genetic map has been developed for Lupinus angustifolius using sequence-defined markers. Narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.) is used as grain legumes, fodder for livestock and green manure in the world and has a great potential to be developed as a new crop in China. Whilst QAs offer the plants protection against insect pests (Wink, 1992; Berlandier, 1996; Wang et al., 2000; Philippi et al., 2015), they cause a concern for the human consumption of lupin grain and lupin-based foods as high levels confer a bitter taste and may re… narrow-leaf lupin Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; Lupinus angustifolius is a fast growing annual herb native to the Mediterranean regions of Europe, Asia and Africa. 1192 pp. Ainouche AK, Bayer RJ, 1999. Plants are 20–150 cm high. Other genome browsers and resources are listed on the Genomes tab above. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution.1192 pp. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. L. angustifolius is listed as an agricultural weed, particularly in Australia (Australian Government, 2013). L. angustifolius has been widely introduced by humans outside its native distribution range, primarily for use as a forage/fodder crop (FAO, 2017). Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Whilst information regarding small RNAs within agricultural crops is increasing, the miRNA composition of the nutritionally valuable pulse narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius) remains unknown. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research , 49, 345-361. This site is dedicated to the promotion of lupins for: Grain farmers and Agronomists looking for the latest knowledge on the production of Lupins is … Online Database. L. angustifolius spreads via seed that is dispersed by waterways, animals and by human activities (Australian Government, 2013). India Biodiversity Portal, 2017. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list. Stalks are sparsely sericeous, with numerous lateral branches. > 0°C, wet all year, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. They form in vegetative tissues and accumulate to a different extent in the grains: high levels in ‘bitter’ narrow-leafed lupin (NLL) and low levels in ‘sweet’ NLL. The purpose of this research was to study opportunities for breeding and cultivation of narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.) in Finland.The study was conducted with determinate cultivars and lines of nar ­row-leafed lupin. Ghrabi Gammar de Z, Puech S, Zouaghi M, Nabli M, 1997. Fabaceae (Leguminosae). Narrow-leafed lupin is characterized by broad polymorphism in both morphological and physiological characters. It is listed as invasive in Australia. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Their seeds are harvested and fed raw or ensiled to livestock. Germination and emergence is reduced when soil temperature is higher than 20°C, with almost no germination and emergence at 30°C (Australian Government, 2013). Narrow-leafed lupin is well suited to light, sandy, acidic soils. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010), Debris and waste associated with human activities, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://www.ogtr.gov.au/internet/ogtr/publishing.nsf/Content/biologylupin2013-toc/$FILE/biologylupin2013-2.pdf, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropSearchForm, http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/mss/volume10/FOC_10_Fabaceae_all.pdf, http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list, http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T174707A19404942.en, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl, http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/media/Html/index.htm, http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/search.html?zoom_query=, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. Australia: Department of Health and Ageing, Office of the Gene Technology Regulator.http://www.ogtr.gov.au/internet/ogtr/publishing.nsf/Content/biologylupin2013-toc/$FILE/biologylupin2013-2.pdf, Bolivia Catalogue, 2017. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Dominican Republic: Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales Santo Domingo. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Genetic data available at LegumeInfo for Lupinus angustifolius It will grow on red clay loams but prefers deep, coarse-textured, free-draining, sandy soils. Narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.) cultivation was transformed by 2 dominant vernalization-insensitive, early flowering time loci known as Ku and Julius (Jul), which allowed expansion into shorter season environments. It has become naturalized in disturbed sites, wastelands, roadsides, sandy coastal habitats, open woodlands, degraded shrublands, abandoned fields, shrub steppes, parks and gardens (Rhodes and Maxted, 2016; Weeds of Australia, 2017). The history of lupin domestication. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Nitrogen and water flows under pasture-wheat and lupin-wheat rotations in deep sands in Western Australia . It is native to Eurasia and northern Africa and also naturalized in … https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2017. Narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.) cultivation was transformed by 2 dominant vernalization-insensitive, early flowering time loci known as Ku and Julius (Jul), which allowed expansion into shorter season environments. Rapports (827-830). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur: (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay. 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